Library

Wednesday, August 8th, 2018

Introduced in 1869 by Sharps for their model 1869 Sharps rifle, this was one of the earliest center fire cartridges to be offered. It quickly became very popular and was used in the commercial hunting of the American Buffalo and for target shooting. Most of the Bison hunting occurred between 1871 – 1884 and .44 and .50 calibers were used extensively until 1873, when .45 calibers became popular.  

Friday, August 3rd, 2018

The 10.6x25mmR German Ordnance revolver was designed, by committee, to replace the single shot pistol used at the time. At the time of its development, the American and British militaries consider a hand gun as an offensive weapon, while the Germans didn’t. They sparingly issued handguns to enlisted personnel and officers usually purchase what they wanted. They consider the handgun as a last-ditch weapon.

Friday, August 3rd, 2018

Introduced in 1961 the .401 Herters PowerMag was the creation of George Herter. George had the foresight to see the growing interest in a single action revolver chambered in modern large bore magnums. Seeing a need for a more powerful cartridge than the successful .357 magnum but with less recoil that the powerful .44 magnum, George developed his .401 PowerMag. He contracted with Sauer & Sohn of Germany to manufacture a copy of the Colt single action revolver chambered in his cartridge. The PowerMag revolver was well made and exhibited the excellent workmanship of Sauer & Sohn. The PowerMag soon developed a strong following, which got the attention of Remington. In 1964 Remington introduced the .41 Remington Magnum with similar proportions and ballistics.

Thursday, August 2nd, 2018

The 9mm Mauser was first introduced in 1908 as an improvement over the 9x19mm Luger. Several companies attempted to improve on the success of the 9x19mm Luger by increasing case volume to allow for larger powder loads. The 9mm Mauser (1908), the 9mm Largo (1910), the 9mm Steyr (1912) and the 9mm Winchester Magnum (1988) have not been able to replace the 9x19mm Luger. Both the Largo and Steyr offered marginal improvement of the Luger, while the Mauser and Winchester offered a substantial improvement. But, the German army had adapted the Luger 1908 and the Mauser was not able to over come the Luger. Mauser did sell into South & Central America, Africa and Asia with little success. The caliber was obsolete by the mind 1920’s. It was revived in the mid 1930’s as a submachine gun caliber but had little success there too.

Thursday, August 2nd, 2018

The 6mm Lee Navy (6x60mmSR), also known as the 6mm U.S.N., or .236 Navy was adapted by the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps in 1895. It was the first small bore high velocity smokeless cartridge used by the Navy and Marines and replaced the .45-70 Government. Other militaries around the world were beginning to adopt smaller caliber rifles with high velocities and this spurred the Naval department development of the 6mm Lee Navy. A Bureau of Naval Ordnance report in 1897 on Small Arms listed the advantages and disadvantages of this caliber. Some of the advantages include greatly increase velocity, flatness of bullet trajectory, reduced recoil, a 100% increase in penetration compared to the .45-70 Government, and the ability to carry twice the amount of ammo. The report listed two distinct disadvantages. Being a small caliber the 6mm bullet would not sufficiently wound an enemy to put them out of action and the second was the stopping power would not stop the onset of excited men at short range. Objections to the disadvantages stated that the “battles of the future” would be fought at long range and men will not live to come to close quarters and 99% of wounded enemy were likely to retire once wounded.

Thursday, August 2nd, 2018

The .350 Rigby Magnum was introduced in 1908 as the successor to the popular 400/350 Nitro Express. Rigby developed this rimless caliber for use in the Mauser magnum length action. No other maker, at that time, offered this combination in a magnum-length bolt action rifle and Rigby’s name became synonymous for the best in Mauser-actioned big game rifles.

Wednesday, August 1st, 2018

The .455 Webley Revolver MK II entered service with the British army in 1897. It was in service with the British army and commonwealth forces until after the end of World War II. The MK I was the predecessor to the MK II and was a black powder cartridge introduced in 1887. There is a series of the .455 that includes the MK III, MK IV, MK V and MK VI and they saw service until 1950 when the 9mm Luger was adapted as part of the NATO standardization. A .455 Automatic was introduced in 1912 and was used by the British army for a short time too.